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Technology Standards

Generally Internet Technology Standards cover interoperability of systems on the internet through defining protocols, messages formats, schemas, and languages.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) functions as a request-response protocol in the client-server computing model:

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Model

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Model

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

When you want to find a website through the inter-web you need to type in the proper address or Uniform Resource Locator (URL):

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Structure

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Structure

Document Object Model (DOM)

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function switchPix(number) {

if (document.getElementById) {

document.getElementById("slides").src = myPix[number];

}

}
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<img src="images/sample-01.gif" id="slides" />

Code Standards

When a web site or web page is described as complying with web standards, it usually means that the site or page has valid HTML, CSS and JavaScript. The HTML should also meet accessibility and semantic guidelines.

Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML)

Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is the predominant markup language for web pages and is the basic building-blocks of webpages:

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<p>This is text written inside an opening and closing tag.</p>

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used to describe the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.

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h1 { font-size:32px; font-family: "FeltTipRomanRegular", Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-weight:normal; padding-bottom:4px; }

JavaScript

JavaScript, also known as ECMAScript, is a prototype-based, object-orientedscripting language:

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function newWindow() {
window.open("images/pixel2.jpg", "catWin", "width=330,height=250")
}

Hypertext Pre-Processor (PHP)

Hypertext Pre-Processor (PHP) is a general-purpose scripting language originally designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages.

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<?php $page = basename($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']); ?>

<!-- Begin Navigation -->
<div id="navigation">
<ul id="navigation-items">
<li<?php if ($page == 'about.php' || $page == 'about-mission.php' || $page == 'about-process.php' || $page == 'about-team.php' ) { print ' '; } ?>><a href="about.php">About</a></li>
<li<?php if ($page == 'services.php' || $page == 'services-design.php' || $page == 'services-development.php' || $page == 'services-strategy.php' ) { print ''; } ?>><a href="services.php">Services</a></li>
<li<?php if ($page == 'work.php' || $page == 'work-logos.php' || $page == 'work-print.php' || $page == 'work-web.php' ) { print ' class="main-on"'; } ?>><a href="work.php">Work</a></li>
<li<?php if ($page == 'blog.php') { print ''; } ?>><a href="blog.php">Blog</a></li>
<li<?php if ($page == 'contact.php') { print ''; } ?>><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<!-- End Navigation -->

This portion of the Premium Design Works website is written by Mike Sinkula for the Web Design & Development students at Seattle Central College and the Human Centered Design & Engineering students at the University of Washington.

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